Peperangan Politik Damai

Perang politik memanfaatkan semua instrumen pendek perang tersedia bagi suatu bangsa untuk mencapai tujuan nasionalnya. Alat terbaik peperangan politik “kebijakan yang efektif tegas menjelaskan”,  atau lebih secara langsung, “kebijakan yang jelas tegas didukung.” Tapi perang politik yang digunakan, sebagai salah satu terkemuka pemikir pada topik telah menjelaskan, “ketika publik laporan hubungan dan lembut, publik diplomasi ala persuasi – kebijakan ‘soft power’ – gagal untuk memenangkan sentimen dan aksi “di seluruh dunia dibutuhkan cara utama peperangan politik dilancarkan melalui propaganda.. Inti dari operasi ini dapat berupa terbuka atau terselubung. “Putih” atau propaganda terang-terangan berasal dari sumber yang dikenal. “Gray” propaganda, di sisi lain, adalah “amplifikasi setengah resmi dari suara pemerintah.”  Radio Free Europe dan Radio Liberty adalah contoh “abu-abu” propaganda selama Perang Dingin. “Hitam” propaganda, bagaimanapun, adalah propaganda yang berasal dari sumber yang tidak diketahui. Kunci untuk propaganda hitam adalah kenyataan bahwa itu paling sering “tampaknya berasal dari sumber yang tertarik padahal sebenarnya tidak.”

Ada saluran yang dapat digunakan untuk mengirimkan propaganda. Penggunaan teknologi canggih memungkinkan untuk menyebarkan informasi kepada sejumlah besar orang. Saluran yang paling dasar adalah kata yang diucapkan. Hal ini dapat mencakup pidato langsung atau siaran radio dan televisi. Siaran radio terbuka atau terselubung dapat menjadi alat yang sangat berguna. [Klarifikasi diperlukan] Kata dicetak juga sangat kuat, termasuk pamflet, leaflet, buku, majalah, kartun politik, dan artikel ditanam koran (klandestin atau sebaliknya). Subversi, agen pengaruh, mata-mata, wartawan, dan “idiot yang berguna” semua dapat digunakan sebagai alat yang kuat dalam perang politik. selanjutnya

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