7 Fakta Hewan Paling Mematikan Yang Jarang Kita Ketahui

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Fokus7.com – Tidak sedikit dari kita yang masih mengira bahwa hewan paling mematikan di dunia adalah Ular seperti Kobra, Derik dan sebagainya. Faktanya ada yang lebih mematikan lagi dan kebanyakan dari kita tidak mengetahuinya atau belum mendengarnya.

Berikut adalah daftar 7 hewan paling mematikan yang jarang kita ketahui

1. Katak Beracun

hewan paling mematikan di dunia

Katak berwarna terang mencolok ini adalah katak paling beracun di dunia, habitatnya di Amerika Selatan dan Tengah. Amfibi ini dikenal dengan nama katak panah, karena penduduk pribumi Amerika Selatan dan Tengah memanfaatkan lendir beracun katak ini pada mata anak panah. Racun seekor katak ini mampu membunuh sampai 10 orang. Jika masuk pembuluh darah, racun ini bisa melumpuhkan otot dan pernafasan.

2. Tawon Laut

hewan paling mematikan di dunia

Spesies ubur-ubur bernama latin Chironex fleckeri ini memiliki tentakel berlapis jutaan knidosit, yang jika tersentuh akan melepaskan jutaan sengat halus yang beracun. Korban merasakan sakit luar biasa di bagian tubuh yang terkena sengatan. Jika tidak mendapat pertolongan secepatnya, korban bisa meninggal dalam waktu tiga menit. Racun yang dimiliki satu ekor Tawon Laut mampu membunuh 250 orang.

3. Ikan Karang

hewan paling mematikan di dunia

Ikan ini hidup di perairan dangkal berkarang di wilayah Samudra Hindia dan Pasifik. Kondisi lingkungan habitatnya membantu ikan ini untuk berkamuflase. Jika terkena sengatan duri di punggung ikan ini, korban akan mengalami hipotensi, fibrilasi ventrikel serta kelumpuhan yang bisa berakibat kematian.

4. Inland Taipan

hewan paling mematikan di dunia

Bisa ular ini 50 kali lebih kuat dibanding bisa ular kobra India. Itu sebabnya, ular yang hidup di Australia ini dianggap sebagai ular darat paling berbisa. Bisa yang dimiliki seekor Inland Taipan mampu menewasakan 230 orang dewasa. Untungnya, ular ini hidup di daerah terpencil Yang nyaris tidak dihuni manusia, sehingga tidak sering dilaporkan adanya korban tewas akibat gigitan ular ini.

5. Laba –Laba Corong Sydney

hewan paling mematikan di dunia

Hewan ini banyak ditemukan di kawasan dalam radius 100 km dari kota Sydney Australia. Bisa laba-laba ini dapat melumpuhkan otot dan juga sistem pernafasan. Korban sengatan akan tewas jika bisa sudah masuk ke jantung. Laba-laba ini biasanya sangat agresif dan berbahaya di saat musim kawin.

6. Ular Laut Dubois

hewan paling mematikan di dunia

Merupakan ular laut yang paling berbisa. Beberapa miligram bisa ular ini mampu menewaskan seorang dewasa. Gigitan ular ini sulit dikenali dan korban biasanya tidak merasakan gigitan. Baru setelah setengah jam, korban merasakan tenggorokannya kering dan mual. Simpton berikutnya, korban tidak bisa menggerakkan tangan serta kakinya. Kelumpuhan berlanjut sampai ke dada dan menghentikan pernafasan.

7. Keong Laut Kerucut

hewan paling mematikan di dunia

Keong laut ini sangat diminati karena keindahan cangkangnya. Namun di balik keindahan rumahnya ini tersimpan bisa yang sangat mematikan. Satu tetes bisa keong ini mampu membunuh hingga 20 orang. Bisa keong laut ini menimbulkan rasa sakit luar biasa, melumpuhkan otot, menyebabkan gangguan penglihatan serta pernafasan.

Itulah 7 daftar hewan paling mematikan yang mungkin jarang kita dengar. Jika bertemu di jalan atau dimana saja dengan mereka, berhati-hatilah.


 

Adapaun hewan lainnya yang juga masuk daftar bahaya dan sangat mematikan yang perlu anda waspadai adalah :

1. Gurita Cincin Biru

hewan paling mematikan di dunia

Dalam keadaan biasa, gurita ini berwana coklat muda. Namun, jika merasa terancam, ia menampilkan totol-totol menyerupai cincin berwaran biru cerah. Saat menggigit gurita ini mengeluarkan air liur berbisa yang menyerang sistem saraf. Bisa yang dimilikinya mampu membunuh orang dewasa hanya dalam beberapa jam, akibat kelumpuhan otot pernafasan.

2. Anemon Genus Protopalythoa

hewan paling mematikan di dunia

Hewan laut sejenis koral tanpa cangkang berbentuk bunga ini (Anthozoa) mampu memproduksi bisa sendiri. 0,02 mg bisa Palytoxin mampu menewaskan orang dewasa berbobot 70 kg. Jika terkena bisa anemon laut ini, korban mengalami muntah-muntah, mengggigil serta kelumpuhan seluruh sistem otot. Penduduk asli Hawai memanfaatkan bisa anemon laut ini untuk racun pada mata tombaknya.

3. Kalajengking Deathstalker

hewan paling mematikan di dunia

Tidak semua kalajengking berbahaya bagi manusia. Namun kalajengking Deathstalker yang habitatnya di Turki, semenanjung Arab dan kawasan Afrika Utara ini perlu diwaspadai. Bisa yang dimiliki kalajengking ini 18 kali lebih kuat dari racun potasiun sianida.

Semoga bermanfaat.

Editor : Redaksi Fokus7

 

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